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Marshall County Courthouse
Map and text from History of Kansas, Noble Prentis, (Winfield: E.P. Greer. 1899)
Marshall County was located on the Oregon Trail, the Mormon Trail, and the route of the Pony Express. The Holladay stage line from Atchison to Salt Lake City also passed though here. Frank J. Marshall, a pioneer merchant, operated a tavern and a ferry across the Big Blue river and Marysville is named for his wife Mary. He was a proslavery candidate for governor in 1857.Blue Rapids was the site of the first gypsum mine in Kansas, which opened in 1862. Gypsum is still mined and Georgia Pacific is a major employer.A crowd of 3,000 watched the Chicago White Sox beat the New York Giants 8-5 in an exhibition game in Blue Rapids on October 24, 1913. The field is still in use; how many other cities have diamonds used by John McGraw, Jim Thorpe, and Christy Mathewson.William G. Cutler’s History of Kansas, first published in 1883, tells about early Marshall County.There is a section on Marshall County in the book Kansas: a Cyclopedia Of State History by Frank Blackmar (1912).The Special Collections of the Ablah Library at WSU contain historical images of Marshall County towns: Axtell, Beattie, Bigelo, Blue Rapids, Bremen, Frankfort, Herkimer, Home, Irving, Marysville, Summerfield, Vermillion, and Waterville.
The Kansas State Historical Society also has more historical data for Marshall County online including a rich bibliography and lists of cemeteries, post offices, and newspapers.
Special Places in Marshall County
Marshal County Historic Courthouse in Marysville
Photo by Charles Hollenberg, used by permission.
- The historic Marshall County Courthouse in Marysville, now owned by the Marshall County Historical Society, is on the National Register of Historic Places (1974) and houses a museum and genealogical research library. It is magnificent, especially when you round the corner and see it for the first time in the setting sun.
- The Lee Dam Center for Fine Arts at 201 South 9th Street in Marysville hosts a variety of fine art exhibits throughout the year, workshops for adults as well as children, a Christmas Arts and Crafts Bazaar and from time-to-time sponsors musical entertainment.
- The City Park in Marysville has a sod house, a little red schoolhouse, a steam locomotive, and the 1901 Union Pacific Depot.
- Marysville also has a large bronze statue of a Pony Express rider.
- Alcove Spring was a famous camping spot on the Oregon trail. It’s now a 200 acre park open to the public. You can see the names of pioneers carved into the rocks.
- The library in Blue Rapids is one of the oldest public libraries west of the Mississippi still operating in its original building.
- St. Bridget Church, begun in 1902 and completed in 1908, had its last Sunday Mass in 1967. It is one of the oldest gothic churches in northeast Kansas and was built by its parishioners. The town was founded by Irish immigrants in 1857.
- Marysville is home to the black squirrel.
Special Events in Marshall County
- Waterville celebrates Victorian Days in mid-April with tours of beautiful old homes, ice cream, and performances.
Cities, Towns, & Villages of Marshall County
2000 Town Population ZIP Year Elevation Alcove Spring 1201 Axtell 445 1368 Beattie 277 66406 1330 Blue Rapids 1,088 66411 1869 1158 Bremen 66412 1330 Carden 1216 Cottage Hill 1426 Frankfort 855 66427 1150 Herkimer 66433 1250 Hermansberg 1360 Home 66438 1341 Lillis 1243 Marietta 1176 Marysville 3,271 66508 1202 Nolan 1376 Oketo 87 66518 1178 Reedsville 1293 Shroyer 1136 St. Bridget 1857 1393 Sullivan 1185 Summerfield 211 66541 1511 Summit 1450 Vermillion 107 66544 1240 Vliets 66545 1198 Waterville 681 66548 1176 Winifred 66427 1210
Marshall County School Systems
- USD 364 Marysville (785) 562-5308 Marysville USD 364
- USD 380 Frankfort, Vermillion (785) 382-6216 Vermillion USD 380
- USD 488 Axtell, Bern, Summerfield (785) 736-2304 Axtell USD 488
- USD 498 Valley Heights (785) 363-2398 Waterville USD 498
- Community Memorial Healthcare (785) 562-2311
708 N. 18th St., Marysville, KS 66508
- Axtell Public Library
401 Maple, Axtell, KS 66403
- Blue Rapids Public Library
Public Square, Blue Rapids, KS 66411
- Frankfort City Library
107 N. Kansas, Frankfort, KS 66427
- Marysville Public Library
1006 Elm / P. O. Box 389 / Marysville, KS 66508
- Summerfield Public Library
P. O. Box 146 / Summerfield, KS 66541
- Vermillion Public Library email@example.com
102 Main St., Box 95, Vermillion, KS 66544
- Doll Museum (785) 562-4077
912 Broadway, Marysville, KS 66508
- Koester House Museum
919 Broadway, Marysville, KS 66508
- Historic Courthouse Museum (785) 562-5012
1207 Broadway, Marysville, KS 66508
- Pony Express Station Museum (785) 562-3825
106 S. Eighth St, Marysville, KS 66508
- Frankfort Area News
- Marysville Advocate (785) 562-2317
107 S. Ninth / P. O. Box 271, Marysville, KS 66508
- Waterville Telegraph
More Data About Marshall County
- Marshal County Economic Development 785-562-9820
- University of Kansas’ County Profile Reports
Statistical data from The Institute for Public Policy and Business Research
- Marshall County KSGenWeb
Marshall County Offices
- Marshall County (785) 562-5361
1201 Broadway, Marysville, KS 66508
- Extension Service (785) 562-3531
1201 Broadway, Marysville, KS 66508-1844
For more about Marshall County
- Marysville Travel & Tourism (785) 562-3101
P. O. Box 16, Marysville, KS 66508
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Last updated on September 11, 2006 by Brig C. McCoy, COUNTIES@KSLIB.INFO
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Graphics by John Howell,
photos by Susan Howell,
used by permission.